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Through their culture children learn which behaviours and temperaments are preferred or discouraged.

For example, independence and self-esteem are valued in some cultures; interdependence and the strong connections are preferred in other cultures. One universal trend is that children who are pro-social and nonaggressive are liked by other children. 

Early childhood educators should be trained to understand and bridge the cultural orientations of children in their classrooms. Intervention programs should always be flexible enough to adjust depending on culture and to help families to incorporate services smoothly into their life.

We all need to understand how culture shapes child development in order to improve the lives of children in a way that respects their cultural backgrounds.