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Every society recognizes that fathers have positive influences on their children, although these influences do vary based on the sociocultural contexts.

Positive father involvement can:

  • act as a protective factor and promote child well-being; 
  • positively impact children’s social competence, later IQ and other learning outcomes;
  • decrease boys’ negative social behaviour (such as delinquency) and girls’ psychological problems in early adulthood.

When a father’s influence starts in early childhood, this can help with forming secure attachments, promoting social and emotional development, and influencing school readiness and success.