Sharing, cooperating and helping are some of the forms prosocial behaviour can take. Skills such as perspective taking, empathy, and self-regulation contribute to the development of prosocial behaviour. To enhance early moral development and prosocial skills:
- provide warm and supportive parenting;
- use positive discipline;
- present consistent messages
- explain right from wrong, and
- consider each child's own personality and abilities in providing socialization experiences.
Educators and teachers can:
- create emotionally supportive learning environments (e.g., establish positive relationships and promote positive interactions);
- create caring classroom communities (e.g., authoritative discipline and effective communication practices);
- teach and reinforce positive social skills, and
- use collaborative and cooperative learning activities.
When it comes to learning and enhancing prosocial skills with peers and friends, it takes place during play, friendships and peer group interactions and while cooperating and collaborating during more formal learning activities.